Natural Foods

Words are just noises we use to communicate with each other. To the extent that we agree on the meanings of the words we use, we are able to communicate well.

But to the extent that the words are used to mislead or confuse, communication is damaged.

As the general population has become more aware of, and concerned for, “the natural world” (that is, the rest of the physical world beyond ourselves and other humans, as if we were somehow not natural), the word “natural” has become more common in stores in recent years. And, as the trend leads to more sales, the use of the word “natural” has become ubiquitous on the labels of products in grocery stores.

But what does “natural” mean?

According to my Mirriam-Webster’s 11th Collegiate Dictionary, “natural” means (among other meanings):

  • being in accordance with or determined by nature
  • having or constituting a classification based on features existing in nature
  • growing without human care;  also   : not cultivated  *natural prairie unbroken by the plow*
  • existing in or produced by nature  : not artificial  *natural turf*  *natural curiosities*
  • relating to or being natural food
  • living in or as if in a state of nature untouched by the influences of civilization and society
  • closely resembling an original  : true to nature
  • marked by easy simplicity and freedom from artificiality, affectation, or constraint
  • having a form or appearance found in nature

And, under “natural food”:

  • food that has undergone minimal processing and contains no preservatives or artificial additives

So, what does “natural” mean on a food label? Is it “food that has undergone minimal processing and contains no preservatives or artificial additives” or something close to that?

Well, at least in the United States, no.

Keep in mind that those of us in the United States, eating the “standard Western diet”, are part of the most overfed and undernourished population in the world, with the most expensive health care and the worst health of any “developed” nation.

Hardly a glowing tribute to our food system, which focuses on producing heavily processed items that should be food, but are not.

So why do so many of our food packages come with the word “natural” on the label? Because it communicates a benefit and assurance that leads to increased sales and higher profits, and in the United States is unregulated on food labels – anybody can claim that something is natural, without having any need for it to be true, or having any liability if it is not.

Hence, corporation profits are at an all-time high.

And we swallow this misuse of our language along with the food.

Meanwhile, our health continues to decline.

Of course, we could question what is actually in what we eat, and make better food choices, but that would take personal effort and responsibility as well as better labeling.

Another thing to keep in mind: “natural flavor” means absolutely nothing: everything has flavor, even used engine oil! So, what does the term “natural flavor” mean when you find it on a food label? It means there is something in this product that you probably don’t want to eat, but it is a cheap substitute that tastes like an ingredient that you would want to eat, similar to the “artificial” flavors.

What do you think?

It’s natural, it’s the way we are.

Yesterday I took my car in for repair as part of a recall.

A number of folks were sitting around waiting for service work to be finished. Naturally, we were talking about various things, and I mentioned that some of the problems they were talking about were a result of, or worsened by, high population.

As you might imagine, there was a period of silence, followed by a number of protestations. One man said that, while he and his wife had chosen to have 2 children, he had “a right” to have as many children as he wanted. I asked where does that right come from. His reply was, “It’s natural, it’s the way we are.”

Further conversation ensued, and he said he thought that, as long as he could support them, he should be able to have as many children as he wanted. I asked what happens if he has them, then can’t support them. He sort of stumbled around the idea that “family will do it.” “But what if your family can’t or won’t” He said they would.

Well, I was reassured. You bet.

Thus was avoided any recognition that we live in a finite world, and there is a link between individual action and global problems. This, of course, means that we have no responsibility for the effects of our personal choices on ourselves or others.

Rights without responsibilities – the American Dream.

But what was interesting to me was his reasoning and support for his position: “It’s natural. It’s the way we are.”

Once again, here was an example of supporting a position with a reason that would be laughed at in support of any number of other human activities.

If someone makes us mad, or has something we want but won’t give it to us, we can simply kill them and take it. It’s our right, because it’s natural. It’s the way we are. We are told that humans have been doing just that for most of our history, and prehistory, for that matter.

Of course, the other person may kill us instead, but that’s how it goes. It’d natural. It’s the way we are.

If I want to live in your house, I can simply throw you out and take it. If you can stop me, you stay. If not, I get your house. Until you decide to take it back, or someone else decides they want it. It’s natural. It’s the way we are. We’ve been doing it for thousands of years.

Puts mugging in a different perspective, doesn’t it?

When I was a child people who acted like that were called “savages” or “uncivilized.”

When I was in college I was told that people like that were “mentally ill” and had “poor impulse control.”

I suppose that is still true, but now we call it “Standing up for our rights.”

What do you think?

Gun Control

As Pat Paulson said so well, “A lot of people have been shooting off their mouths about gun control.”

Gun rights advocates claim unalienable right granted by the second amendment to the constitution:

“A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”

It is clear that the right to bear arms shall not be infringed.

What is not clear is what arms are, or what constitutes infringement.

My Merriam-Webster dictionary lists “arm” coming from the

“Middle English armes (plural) meaning weapons, from the Anglo-French, from the Latin arma.” It defines the word to mean “a means (as a weapon) of offense or defense; especially: FIREARM.”

The same dictionary lists “infringe” coming from

“Medieval Latin infringere, from Latin, to break, crush, from in + frangere to break.”

These definitions follow

transitive verb

1: to encroach upon in a way that violates law or the right of another (infringe a patent)

2 obsolete: DEFEAT, FRUSTRATE

intransitive verb: ENCROACH used with on or upon (infringe on our rights)”

So, while the meaning of arms is pretty clear, the meaning of infringe is a little muddier.

“Arms” means weapons. No restrictions: from knives, hatchets and swords to unmanned drones and atomic bombs. All are arms. (Hence common terms like “the arms race” in referring to the quest for atomic bomb “superiority.”)

“Infringe” might have meant “defeat” or “frustrate” at the time of the adoption of the Bill of Rights, or it may have been obsolete by that time. I can’t say, although the fashion of writing “s”s as if they were “f”s is certainly one I don’t miss.

It might also have meant exactly what the dictionary shows it means now:

“to encroach upon in a way that violates law or the right of another”

If so, we have serious interpretive problems:

If infringe means to somehow frustrate/prevent an action (owning or using arms) “in a way that violates law”, how can laws regulating gun ownership and/or use be infringement?

On the other hand, if we cannot regulate the ownership and use of weapons, what is to keep someone from owning and operating an unmanned drone, or an atomic bomb?

It seems that everyone should be able to agree that the second amendment does not prevent reasonable regulation of the right to “keep and bear arms.” The question becomes what is reasonable regulation, given the following?

  • The Founders recognized that those in power will seek to keep and consolidate power, and the ability of the people to protect themselves from unwarranted acts by the powerful is essential to maintaining their freedoms.
  • Each of us desires to be safe and secure in our homes and our daily lives. Unrestricted ownership and use of firearms is often a threat to that safety and security.

What is reasonable regulation? What is effective enough, without being excessive?

What do you think?

Double Standards #2 – Welfare

Here is another example of a common double standard widely supported by economic conservatives.

Keep in mind that we all have double standards. It’s part of the friction of living in groups. And we’re all pretty righteous about our own double standards. Things get petty and can be bothersome, but we usually, eventually, work things out, because we need to get through the day.

In the United States, at both the state and national levels, over the last few decades a particular double standard has become more and more apparent: Business welfare is good. Working class welfare is bad

Here is the conservative line about “Welfare”, as stated by any number of nationally prominent Republicans:

The government needs to cut expenditures, particularly “entitlement programs” such as Medicare* and Social Security**, but pretty much all social welfare programs. If the government fails to do so the economy will collapse, as the government does not have the revenue to pay for these programs. In addition, giving people something for doing nothing simply encourages a feeling of entitlement and leads to increased crime.

OK. Let’s accept these arguments, shall we?

But then, I don’t see any reason why they should be limited to “entitlement programs”. If the arguments are true, shouldn’t they apply to businesses too?

How about if these business executives follow their own advice?

Businesses should not receive special support from government. Any benefit a business receives from government should be paid for***: businesses should pay a tax or a fee for those services the government provides, in direct proportion that the business benefits from that service. Any other cost/use relationship would be unfair, as it would either put an unfair burden on the business (when the fees/taxes paid exceed the benefit) or give preferential unearned benefits (“welfare”) to the business.

Examples of services the government provides businesses: a legal system that is essential to the creation of contracts. A court system that is essential to enforcement of contracts. A free press which maintains a vibrant communications system for transacting business, particularly advertising and on-line services. A public road system that makes it possible for people to get to work, to shop for products and services, and for the delivery of products. A public school system that prepares potential employees for work. A police force that protects business property and people from harm

Shouldn’t business pay their fair share for these services the government provides us all?

And why should the rest of us pay for bailouts for businesses “too large to fail”? A group of investors selects a management team that runs the business into the ground, and then expects a government bailout to cover their bad debts. Can you think of a better example of “welfare” or of a group with a sense of “entitlement”?

Perhaps the conservatives are right: if businesses paid for the benefits of government, instead of letting the working class foot the vast majority of the bill, the economy would be more balanced.

After all, giving businesses something for doing nothing simply encourages a feeling of entitlement and leads to increased crime.

What do you think?

Notes:

*Medicare is paid for primarily by a tax on income. As with any insurance, benefits are based on coverage and need. Medicare is not health care–it is health insurance, which is not the same thing.

**Social Security is completely paid for by a tax on income. As with any pension plan, the “benefit” bears a direct relationship to the amount paid in (Social Security taxes) by the recipient, and how long ago the tax was paid.

***It is well documented that many businesses, particularly very large corporations, pay little or no income taxes, even in years where they make record profits.

Double Standards #1 – Debt

My parents stated the principle. “What’s sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander.’

George Carlin clarified the practice, “If it’s mine, it’s stuff. If it’s your, it’s shit.” As in, “Get your shit out of here! I need room for my stuff.”

We all have double standards. It’s part of the friction of living in groups. And we’re all pretty righteous about our own double standards. Things get petty and can be bothersome, but we usually, eventually, work things out, because we need to get through the day.

But when the government is paralyzed by double standards it goes beyond petty and bothersome.

In the United States, at both the state and national levels, over the last few decades a particular double standard has become more and more apparent: Business debt is good. Government debt is bad.

Here is the conservative line about the government, the budget and the national debt, as stated by any number of nationally prominent Republicans:

Government should not spend more than it takes in. Going into debt is bad. The government needs to eliminate the deficit and to pay off the national debt.

To do so, according to these same prominent Republicans and any number of conservative pundits, The government needs to cut expenditures, particularly “entitlement programs” such as Medicare and Social Security, but pretty much all social welfare programs.

And, of course, the government should not raise taxes, as raising taxes during times of financial slowdown will stifle the recovery.

OK. Let’s accept those arguments, shall we?

But then, I don’t see any reason why they should be limited to our government. If they are true, shouldn’t they apply to individuals and businesses too?

How about if these prominent Republican business executives follow their own advice?

Businesses should not spend more than they take in. Going into debt is bad. They need to eliminate their deficits. Therefore, businesses can buy only what they can afford to pay for with cash: no new buildings, no new machinery, no stock for sale, no purchases without the cash to pay for them.

And the other aspects of responsible economics: they should cut expenditures, particularly “entitlement programs” such as executive bonuses and golden parachutes, but pretty much all expenses beyond basic salaries and materials and processing expenses.

And, of course, they should not raise prices, as raising prices during times of financial slowdown will stifle the recovery.

How’s that for returning to sound economics and strengthening the economy?

Of course it eliminates lenders, and terminates most of the financial industry.

Well, as my parents said, “You can’t make an omelet…”

What do you think?

On Corruption In Governments

On the news today a comment was made about the difficulty of establishing a democratic way of life when the government is corrupt. The subject of the comment was one of the Middle Eastern countries that has recently had its first open election and is struggling with the transition.

It occurred to me that we in the United States are having the same difficulty.

We commonly think of corrupt (always foreign) governments as being riddled with officials who take money from criminals to sway the courts, make laws favoring the powerful, give special treatment to the wealthy, or otherwise give preferential treatment to those who have money and power.

Once again, the double standard: If it happens there, it is corruption. If it happens here, it is “the free market”.

In either case, the wealthy give money to the politicians and in return get preferential treatment in laws, taxes, and liability for their actions. In so doing, they increase their wealth and power, and become more entrenched in their positions and their corruption.

If you doubt this, think for a minute: if any business administration did as poorly as the Congress of the United States in addressing its responsibilities, how long would they be tolerated?

I submit to you: the government of the United States is as corrupt as any government in history, if somewhat subtler in some of its workings.

What do you think?

Getting Ready

“We used to make stuff in this country. Build stuff. Now, we just put our hands in the next guy’s pocket.” – David Simon, dialog from The Wire

I live on a farm. When I go “into town” I often pass by workers in fields. They are doing the essential everyday work needed to feed us, all of us, including me.

In my case, I could raise my own food, and in times past I have. But I don’t now–the work is too hard and I can buy even the best organically raised local food for so little money that I raise a little of what I eat, and buy the rest.

But recently I have been thinking about the changes coming with the diminishing availability of petroleum and the implications of this loss of this cheap, portable, dense energy source and raw material.

Energy is, after all, a substitute for human labor. Generally, all machines do is replace people in manipulating materials: handling, shaping, mixing, moving, heating, cooling, storing, etc.

To the extent that these things were done before cheap and abundant energy was available, human beings did it: slaves, peasants, indentured servants or simply hired hands. And, of course, women, who for most of history, at least in the Western tradition, have been essentially slaves to men

So where will the labor (energy) come from to keep us in iPads? Well, it probably won’t, because as we adjust to a future with less energy to substitute for human labor, we will shift our desires to more realistic levels.

We will return to making things that are repairable, and re-develop the network of people, places and supply lines so that these repairs can be done. We will each have less stuff, not so much because our desires for stuff will be unfulfilled, but because our desires will become more reasonable.

We will each learn to take more care, and will remember when we were happier with less stuff. Have you ever thought how strange it is that we have much bigger houses than we did even 50 years ago, yet there is a flourishing business renting storage space to people where they can put the stuff that doesn’t fit in their houses? We obviously don’t need the stuff, or it would be near to us, and being used.

And, most probably, each of us will simply spend more of our time doing things that are directly productive of real wealth: growing food, building furniture, raising children, nurturing community…

And to do that, we will need to recover the lost skills needed to practice true economics – the managing of our households: providing air, water, food, clothing, and shelter as well as rewarding companionship and meaningful occupation to ourselves, our families, our friends and our communities.

It will not be easy. It will be hard work, but there are those of us that still have the skills and experience to do it, and they can teach the rest of us.

And those workers in the fields are some of the most important of those teachers.

In the meantime, even though others sometimes laugh at me when I do, I always give a little wave of respect and appreciation when I see workers in a field.

What do you think?

On Being Wrong – The Essence of Democracy

I ran across this statement a few months ago in a Jesse Stone novel by Robert Parker:
“Often wrong, but never uncertain.”

I talk a lot in public – as a speaker, as a teacher, as an advocate. I often ask these questions:

  • Have you ever been wrong?
  • Will you be wrong again?
  • Is this one of those times?

I ask myself these same questions. We all know the answers.

As a population, and as a nation, we have become so certain that we know what is “right” that we have forgotten a basic principle: the essence of democracy is the right to be wrong.

It is this key understanding that allows us all to benefit from each others’ ideas, each others’ creativity, each others’ willingness to think (and to try) the unknown.

It is the basis of modern western science. It is the foundation of free market capitalism. It underlies art and fosters creativity.

And, coupled with the principle that you are responsible for the results of your actions, it is the core of freedom.

And yet, in the name of freedom and democracy we have become ever more intolerant of those who are “wrong.” Without a boring reiteration of the statistics (you can find them easily with a search of the Internet), the United States has become one of the principle suppressors of those who are “wrong” both domestically and abroad.

We have a larger percentage of our population incarcerated than almost any other country in the world. We have betrayed our basic Constitutional rights and principles by giving corporations the rights of persons without the responsibilities of persons, thereby ending any question of equal treatment under the law. We have removed the right to trial by a jury of our peers, the right to a speedy trial, the right to face our accusers, or even the right to a trial at all.

We have invaded foreign countries, and overthrown or assassinated their leaders, simply because we decided that we did not like their governments. We have killed uncounted numbers of innocent civilians, both at home and abroad, in the name of freedom and democracy.

Are we so certain, so secure in our righteousness, that we can ignore the voices asking, “Are we wrong in this?”

Often wrong, but never uncertain?

What do you think?

What Are We To Do?

Political strategists agree that there are essentially three groups of people that determine who wins office. These groups are the right, the center and the left. (This “right, center, left” fragmentation is all relative. You can make a very good argument that there is no left, and hardly any center in politics in the United States, just degrees of the right.)

The following are some thoughts on moving the country toward the (relative) left, and recovering democratic values.

From the above view comes the political strategy that for a candidate to win election they need either the right and a majority of the center, or the left and a majority of the center, but you cannot win with only the support of the right or the left, as they are not in themselves big enough blocs to carry the vote.

Assuming support from the extreme and courting the middle has been the predominant strategy of both major political parties for some decades (Thanks, Ronnie!) As the Republicans moved farther and farther to the right, the Democratic party did the same, based on the ideas that the left had nowhere else to go, so would continue to vote Democratic, and more of the middle would vote Democratic as the party’s platform moved right.

It has worked, more or less, off and on, for the Democratic Party. It has been a disaster for the citizenry, for the economy, and for democracy.

What is rarely talked about is the following: Of the people eligible to vote, fewer than half register to vote. Of the people registered to vote, fewer than half vote regularly, and a large number of those who do vote, only vote for some offices. Since the majority of political offices are won by a small majority, this means that about an eigth of those eligible to vote regularly determine who will make policy and law.

It is said that there are many reasons that people who do not register, or who register to vote but do not, fail to cast ballots: apathy, too busy, confused, etc. I contend that the majority of those who do not vote fail to do so because they feel it will make no difference. They feel that the candidates are too similar to each other, and too dissimilar to “regular people”. Or they feel that the choice is “between two evils” and when you chose the lesser of the evils you still have an evil. Or they feel that “the government” is too entrenched in the way things are, and will not change. Or they feel that corporations buy off whoever is elected, and so it does not matter. Or some combination of these reasons and more. The net result is the feeling, “Why bother to vote? It won’t make any difference.”

And experience shows them they are right. I believe that the legacy of Obama’s election, and his subsequent failure to make substantive change, will be deeper apathy toward democracy. And it is justified. However, I find this apathy unacceptable.

Obama’s astounding success was, I believe, because he gave people hope for real change – that he was a person who knew what daily life was like for most people and wanted to make the changes in government and the country most people believed needed to be changed. That is exactly what he said during the campaigns, and what he promised when he took office. He has failed on almost every promise.

He has accomplished a number of generally minor things, it is true. But look at his successes and failures: the best thing you can say about him is that he is not as bad as the Republicans, and if they had won, things would be worse. I agree, but this is the thinking that has taken us farther and farther down the path of less democracy, less prosperity, less security, less independence, less of virtually everything that makes democracy democracy and life worth living.

So, what do we do in this bleak situation? That is the point, after all: what do we do?

The two major parties were once challenged by third parties, but they have enacted laws and regulations that make it nearly impossible for a third party to win any significant number of elections. The solution, I believe, is to rebuild democracy from the ground up, from within the Democratic Party.

I believe that the way to win elections, which is what political parties are all about, and to move the country left, back to democracy, is to energize those who have not been interested in registering and voting. It worked for Obama, although he did it primarily by lying. Let’s do it for real, and let’s start locally. In every city, in every county, at the state level, and nationally, let’s get real progressives elected – by setting a real platform of real change, and holding our candidates to it – no excuses. If they vote against the platform, they lose the support of the party. If they do not actively advocate the platform, they lose the support of the party. Then we find another candidate who will advocate and support the platform

Our platform would be along these lines:

Let’s demand single-payer health care, not insurance; let’s return to the Constitution – no wars without specific congressional approval and a specific, formal declaration of war by the Congress; let’s end military spending for prosecution of war without specific congressional approval; let’s require full accountability by the military – no more “missing” money in the defense department; let’s demand withdrawal of all combat troops in foreign countries and limit military spending to the average percent of the GNP (or similar measure) that other countries spend; let’s retrain returning troops for the jobs needed to build and install renewable energy systems throughout the entire country in order to end our dependence on oil and coal (foreign or domestic), and then employ them to do it; let’s re-institute import tariffs to support domestic production; let’s index the cost of living for Social Security and similarly indexed programs to the real costs faced by seniors and indices appropriate to the other programs; let’s reform the tax code to simplify it and create equity between individuals and companies; let’s eliminate for-profit corporations by converting them to partnerships, and let’s eliminate the liability shield; let’s make it clear that only human beings have constitutional rights, not created legal entities like corporations; let’s prohibit all but registered voters from making political contributions, and make those contribution records public; let’s make sure that all who wish to register to vote, and who are eligible, can easily register; let’s make sure that all registered voters can easily vote and have their votes accurately counted.

Enough wishy-washy crap. Let’s make real change.

A Farmer’s Thoughts on Race

I have been growing at least some of my own food since I was a child. For some years my wife and I owned and operated a local organic farm, directly feeding up to 75 families from our labors.

In my half century of raising plants and animals I have learned a lot. One of the most important things I have learned is the value of diversity.

We face challenge all the time. In agriculture it comes in the form of changing weather, onslaught of pests (critters and diseases), fickle markets, bizarre government regulations, and on and on.

Diversity is the best response: a multitude of different crops, different growing schedules, crop rotations, multiple types of markets, responding thoughtfully, and keeping under the radar, generally.

So, from life experience, my inclination is to value diversity as a very good thing. It is diversity that increases the number of responses to challenge, and maximizes the chance that we will be able to respond in a positive way.

Our shorthand for this is “Diversity is not an option – it is essential.”

In my experience it is just as true of groups of people as it is for farms.

There is a lot of emotional energy involved in discussions of “race.” It tends to cloud thinking, obstruct communication, and generally lead to bad outcomes. I would like to suggest an idea that came to me as I was thinking about the concept of race as it applies to human beings.

In agriculture there are the terms “species”, “race” and “variety”. While it is somewhat more complicated than this, here is the difference: if two bisexual organisms can produce fertile offspring, they are in the same species. If they cannot, they are in different species.

Race is used when a number of similar but distinct plants are found mixed together which appear to be members of the same species, but with a lot of variation. Until further study determines more details, they are called a “race” or a “land race” as a convenient away to say, “Here are a bunch of examples of what appear to be members of a single species that we don’t know much about.”

Variety is the term we use to describe the array of natural variation in appearance or other characteristics we find in any genetically diverse group of individual members of one species. For example, we grow many different tomato varieties, each selected for a particular set of characteristics of size, shape, flavor, meatiness, keeping ability, etc.

The way we commonly express this natural, desirable variation is the “binomial nomenclature” we use to describe plants and animals: Genus, species, and then, if applicable, variety. For example, a Ropreco tomato would be Lycopersicon esculentum var. Ropreco. Race does not appear in the mix, because race is not a defining factor.

I suggest that the various subsets of Homo sapiens that we currently refer to as “races” be referred to as varieties. Perhaps that would allow us to dial down the emotion and begin to recognize and celebrate the diversity in our species that makes us so resilient, so creative, and so fundamentally better than our societies would seem to demonstrate.

What do you think?